» Respiratory conditions

Le terapie antibiotiche indicate solo per batteri atipici non sembrano più efficienti in termini di mortalità e di efficacia clinica rispetto alle terapie che mirano solo i batteri tipici

Citation: Eliakim-Raz N, Robenshtok E, Shefet D, et al. Empiric antibiotic coverage of atypical pathogens for community-acquired pneumonia in hospitalized adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012; (9): CD004418. 
Di cosa si tratta? Alcuni pazienti COVID-19 potrebbero sviluppare polmonite e le evidenze scientifiche tratte da studi sul trattamento …

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Decreasing the rate of avoidable readmissions to acute care hospitals

Citation: Mileski M, Topinka JB, Lee K, et al. An investigation of quality improvement initiatives in decreasing the rate of avoidable 30-day, skilled nursing facility-to-hospital readmissions: a systematic review. Clinical Interventions in Aging 2017; 12: 213.
What is this? The COVID-19 pandemic is placing a strain on health services. Decreasing the …

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Non-pharmaceutical measures for pandemic influenza in non-healthcare settings: effects are uncertain

Citation: Xiao J, Shiu EY, Gao H, et al. Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings: Personal Protective and Environmental Measures. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2020; 26(5): 967-975
What is this? Nonpharmaceutical measures, such as personal protective equipment are used to limit the transmission of respiratory …

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Convalescent plasma or hyperimmune immunoglobulin for people with COVID‐19: effects are uncertain (search done 23 April 2020)

Citation: Valk SJ, Piechotta V, Chai KL, et al. Convalescent plasma or hyperimmune immunoglobulin for people with COVID‐19: a rapid review. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2020;(5):CD013600
What is this? Convalescent plasma and hyperimmune immunoglobulin have been suggested as possible treatments for COVID-19.
In this Cochrane Rapid …

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Sinonasal pathophysiology of SARS‐CoV‐2 and COVID‐19 (search done: 30 March 2020)

Citation: Gengler I, Wang JC, Speth MM, et al. Sinonasal pathophysiology of SARS‐CoV‐2 and COVID‐19: A systematic review of the current evidence. Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology. 2020 Apr 10.
What is this? One possible route of transmission of the SARS-Cov-2 virus is through the sinonasal tract of …

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Clinical characteristics and diagnostic challenges of pediatric COVID-19 (search done: 15 March 2020)

Citation: Chang TH, Wu JL, Chang LY. Clinical characteristics and diagnostic challenges of pediatric COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association. 2020;119(5):982-9
What is this? An understanding of the clinical features and prognosis of patients with COVID-19 is important.
In this rapid …

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Ossigenazione extracorporea a membrana (ECMO) in adulti con insufficienza respiratoria acuta: rimane incerto se sia più o meno efficace rispetto al supporto respiratorio convenzionale

Citation: Tramm R, Ilic D, Davies AR, et al. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for critically ill adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015; (1): CD010381
Ossigenazione extracorporea a membrana per pazienti adulti in condizioni critiche
Di cosa si tratta? Alcuni pazienti COVID-19 si ammalano gravemente e necessitano di …

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L’utilizzo di valori elevati di PEEP non risulta più efficiente dell’utilizzo di valori ridotti nella riduzione della mortalità in adulti ricoverati in terapia intensiva con sindrome da distress respiratorio acuto (ARDS) o danno polmonare acuto (ALI)

Citation: Santa Cruz R, Rojas JI, Nervi R, et al. High versus low positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) levels for mechanically ventilated adult patients with acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013; (6): CD009098
Elevati vs Ridotti valori di pressione …

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La surge capacity ospedaliera durante le epidemie

Citation: Rathnayake D, Clarke M, Jayasooriya L. Hospital surge capacity: The importance of better hospital pre-planning to cope with patient surge during dengue epidemics – A systematic review. International Journal of Healthcare Management 2019; 1-8 (published online 21 November 2019)
Surge capacity ospedaliera: l’importanza di una …

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减少病原体通过空气传播的建筑环境通风

Citation: Li Y, Leung GM, Tang JW, et al. Role of ventilation in airborne transmission of infectious agents in the built environment – a multidisciplinary systematic review. Indoor Air 2007; 17(1): 2-18
这是什么?旨在预防和控制通过空气传播的病源体传播的物理干预也许可以中断或减少新冠肺炎的传播。关于通风在建筑环境中的作用的研究可为干预措施的选择提供有用信息。
在这篇系统综述中,作者搜索了关于室内通风率和气流模式对通过空气传播的传染病传播的影响,以及减少通过空气传播的传染病传播的最低通风要求的文章。仅限发布语言为英文的文献,他们自2005年3月开始搜索。共纳入40篇文章,并召集了一个多学科共识小组对研究内容进行评估。
发现:负压隔离室有助于减少来自医院感染患者的传播。
 有充足有力的证据表明,通风措施与控制诸如非典和流感等通过空气传播的传染源传播相关;但通风要求与减少传染源在医院、学校、办公室和其他建筑等场所的空气传播关系不明确。
 
免责声明: 本摘要由Evidence Aid的员工及志愿者编写,旨在帮助那些正在检索冠状病毒(新冠肺炎)相关文献却没有时间完整阅读原文的决策者们节省时间。本摘要不能代替来自医师和其他医务人员、专家协会、指南制定者或各国政府以及国际组织的医疗建议。如有读者认为本摘要中给出的证据与他们的决策相关,读者应详细阅读原文内容及细节,并参考其他专业信息来源所给出的建议和指示,再做出决策。Evidence Aid不对任何仅基于本摘要作出的任何关于冠状病毒(新冠病毒)的决策负责。

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