» Technological disaster

Disaster and perinatal health: a systematic review

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This was a systematic review of 49 peer-reviewed studies on the effects of disaster on pregnancy and the postpartum period. The identification of women at high risk and who may be more vulnerable, in particular in respect to mental health, after a …

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Interventions for treating phosphorus burns

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First aid for phosphorus burns involves the common sense measures of acting promptly to remove the patient’s clothes, irrigating the wound(s) with water or saline continuously, and removing phosphorus particles. There is no evidence that using copper sulphate to assist visualisation …

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Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for thermal burns

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There is insufficient evidence to support or refute the effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) for the management of thermal burns.
HBOT consists of intermittently administering 100% oxygen at pressures greater than 1 atmosphere in a pressure vessel. This technology has been used …

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Psychological therapies for chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults

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Although the evidence of each comparison of psychological treatments was very low, this evidence showed that individual trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy/exposure therapy (TFCBT) and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) did better than waitlist/usual care in reducing clinician-assessed PTSD symptom; individual TFCBT, …

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Psychological debriefing for preventing post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

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There is no evidence that single-session individual psychological debriefing is a useful treatment for the prevention of PTSD after traumatic incidents. Compulsory debriefing of victims of trauma should cease.
Over the past few decades, early psychological interventions, such as psychological ‘debriefing’, have been …

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