» Vaccine-preventable infections

Chlorhexidine skin or cord care for prevention of mortality and infections in neonates

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A low-cost antiseptic used to cleanse the cord after birth could help reduce infant death rates in developing countries by 12%. Using chlorhexidine also halved the number of newborn babies that suffered from omphalitis, swelling of the cord stump commonly caused by …

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Handwashing and other hygiene measures

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Frequent handwashing with or without antiseptics reduces the transmission of viral respiratory diseases, such as influenza. It may also have benefits for preventing or slowing the spread of Ebola.
Viral epidemics or pandemics of acute respiratory infections like influenza or severe acute …

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Surgical gloves

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A Cochrane review showing that the use of two pairs of ordinary surgical gloves more than halves the risk of needle stick or sharps injuries, compared to only one pair of gloves.

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Blunt versus sharp suture needles for preventing percutaneous exposure incidents in surgical staff

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A Cochrane review showing that blunt suture needles halve the risk of a needle stick injury, compared to sharp needles.

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Devices for preventing percutaneous exposure injuries caused by needles in healthcare personnel

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A Cochrane review of medical devices designed to reduce the risk of virus transmission through percutaneuous exposure injuries caused by needles.

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Comparison of routes for achieving parenteral access with a focus on the management of patients with Ebola Virus Disease

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This new review compares the different ways to give fluids to people in situations where it is impossible to maintain adequate hydration simply by giving fluids orally. Collectively, these alternatives are termed parenteral access. They include getting fluids into a vein (intravenously), …

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The Effectiveness of Disaster Risk Communication: A Systematic Review of Intervention Studies

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A review of communication interventions relevant to disasters, including infection outbreaks. Interventions associated with increased knowledge of preventive measures include individual and group face-to-face information sessions, telephone calls, delivery of written information, mass media campaigns, mass SMS text messages and games for …

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Zinc supplementation for preventing mortality, morbidity, and growth failure in children aged 6 months to 12 years of age

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There is some evidence to support the effectiveness of preventative zinc supplementation particularly, where the risk of zinc deficiency is high. However, more evidence on optimal intervention characteristics such as supplement dose is needed.
Zinc deficiency is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality …

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Antibiotics for preventing suppurative complications from undifferentiated acute respiratory infections in children under five years of age

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There is insufficient evidence from clinical trials on the effectiveness (efficacy and safety) of antibiotics in reducing the risk of otitis or pneumonia in children aged between two and 59 months with undifferentiated acute respiratory infections (ARIs).
ARIs are a group of …

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Ebola virus disease: Key questions and answers concerning water, sanitation and hygiene

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD): Key Questions and Answers Concerning Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WHO 2014): Controlling the hazards from the presence of the Ebola virus in body fluids lies in the separation and containment of all body fluids (including feces and urine). Feces from suspected …

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