» Zoonotic and other pathogens

Neonatal zinc supplementation for prevention of mortality and morbidity in breastfed low birth weight infants

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In view of no convincing evidence of benefits from the limited data available currently, there is no justification for recommending routine zinc supplementation for breastfed low birth weight newborns in these populations. Future research …

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Zinc supplementation for treating diarrhea in children

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Oral zinc supplementation significantly decreases diarrhea duration and has a greater effect on malnourished children. Zinc supplementation seems to be an appropriate public health strategy, mainly in areas of endemic deficiencies.
Diarrhea mortality rates have started to fall in recent years …

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Financial incentives and coverage of child health interventions

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Financial incentives may have potential to promote increased coverage of several important child health interventions, but the quality of evidence available is low. The more pronounced effects seem to be achieved by programs that directly removed user fees for access to …

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Evacuating hospitals in Australia: What lessons can we learn from the world literature

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There is a need for more structured and detailed reporting of hospital responses to disaster. All hospitals must have a practised, detailed hospital evacuation plan existing before an impending threat.
This systematic review aimed …

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Differing community responses to similar public health threats

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There are significant differences in how communities respond to similar public health threats. More work is needed to develop theoretical models that apply to the community level and do not assume that a community’s …

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La eficacia adjuvante del apoyo nutricional durante el curso del tratamiento de la tuberculosis pulmonar

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Durante el curso de anti‐TB, el apoyo nutricional podría ser útil en el tratamiento de pacientes con tuberculosis al mejorar tanto las tasas de conversión de frotis de esputo o de cultivo negativo y BMI, acortando el tiempo de conversión de …

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Antibióticos en niños con desnutrición grave

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El uso de antibióticos de amplio espectro para niños con SAM está respaldado por datos epidemiológicos que demuestran una alta prevalencia de infecciones en estos niños, pero faltan estudios clínicos. La evidencia respalda el uso de amoxicilina como una opción de …

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Necesitan antibióticos los niños con desnutrición aguda grave no complicada

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La evidencia que avala las actuales recomendaciones de antibióticos para SAM no complicado es débil. Estudios de susceptibilidad favorecen el uso de amoxicilina sobre cotrimoxazol. Sin embargo, dado que estos antibióticos tienen efectos secundarios, costos y riesgos así como beneficios, su …

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Efficacité de la supplémentation nutritionnelle pendant le traitement de la tuberculose pulmonaire

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Le soutien nutritionnel peut être utile dans le traitement des patients tuberculeux puisqu’il améliore aussi bien l’IMC que les frottis d’expectoration ou de la culture négative du taux de conversion et l’IMC ; réduisant ainsi le temps de conversion des expectorations négatives. …

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Effet des antibiotiques sur les enfants atteints de malnutrition sévère

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La prescription des antibiotiques à large spectre aux enfants atteints de MAS est soutenue par des données épidémiologiques démontrant une prévalence élevée d’infections chez ces enfants, mais les études cliniques font défaut. Les données probantes appuient l’utilisation de l’amoxicilline comme traitement …

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